The World of Criminal Defense.
In the criminal defense world a client can be charged with anything from a misdemeanor to a felony. Criminal defense is serious and the outcome can range from fines to the death penalty. The job of a criminal defense lawyer is to get their client the lightest sentence possible or acquitted. Accomplishing goals like these are hard but there are several types of defense a lawyer can use.
A good option is the affirmative criminal defense. This will minimize the prosecutions evidence by showing that it’s simply not true. An example would be if a client is charged with murder they might use an alibi witness to show he or she couldn’t have been there to do it. This would show the defendant could not have committed the crime and gives them an alibi for the time and place the murder was committed. This shows that the defendant couldn’t have committed the murder because they have an alibi for their time and location.
The insanity defense was made popular by a lot of movies and tv shows. The insanity defense isn’t used as often in real life because it’s usually not that successful. The insanity defense states that the client did commit the crime, but their mental state prevents them from being able to tell right from wrong. This defense only works if the defendant is shown to have a serious mental illness or defect at around the time the crime was committed. It is a dangerous defense because the client is openly admitting to the crime. If the jury feels the client is in the right state of mind then the sentence they hand down could be harsher than if they had used a different defense.
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Coercion and distress is an affirmative defense lawyers might sometimes use that states their client was forced to commit a crime due to the use of unlawful force. The force itself does not actually have to happen for someone to claim it. The threat is enough to satisfy the form of defense. These types of threats don’t have to be against the client. Threats of this nature could be against a close friend or family member. Although, this type of defense can’t be used if the client is responsible for the events that put them in that danger.
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There are many other types of criminal defense methods. Self defense states that their client and his or her actions would be considered criminal if the act wasn’t necessary to save or defend themselves.
Status of limitation is a defense that states the amount of time it takes for the prosecution to charge the client with a crime has elapsed so the charges must be dropped.
The defense of consent states you committed the crime but the victim consented to it.